I’m from the Government, and I’m Here to Help You

Editor’s note: This is one in a series of posts about the development of Capital Metro’s FY2012 budget. You can get involved with the process by voting on ideas and sharing your own on the icanmakeitbetter online forum, or checking out the resources available on capmetro.org.

One of Capital Metro’s most important funding sources is funding from the federal government which we receive in the form of grants, usually through the Federal Transit Administration.

One program, called the 5307 Urbanized Area Formula Program, provides us with an annual grant as part of a national program that distributes federal aid to transit agencies. The grant program is one of our largest and most consistent sources of funding. As the name implies, the funding is distributed to cities and surrounding areas based on a formula that weighs population and other factors. This year we’ll receive a little over $20 million under this grant, accounting for a little more than 10% of our operating budget.

Beyond its size, the 5307 grant is important because Cap Metro can use it both for capital projects, like buying and maintaining buses, and also for some specific operating costs like paying the companies we contract with to help provide our services. As I am sure you can imagine, since this is the federal government, a big part of the program is keeping up with the paperwork, and that task keeps our federal funding expert busy pretty much all of his work day. There always are reports to file and new grant applications to be completed.

Capital Metro also receives several other types of federal grants. In 2009, in the wake of the national recession, for example, many public agencies, including Cap Metro, received what has come to be known in the media as federal stimulus funding. Under the stimulus program, actually the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), the federal government made grants to state and local agencies for a wide range of capital projects—remember all the talk in the news about “shovel-ready” projects?

We received about $26 million in stimulus funds, which we mainly used to modernize our bus fleet; however, we also have used some of the funds for our “Rails with Trails” program. Most public agencies have now used up their ARRA funds, and we are no exception. We have about $1.8 million left for “Rails with Trails,” but we do have some very fine buses to show for our federal dollars.

Let me note one final point about federal funds. Our federal funding is subject to the federal budget gyrations you often hear about on the news. The federal government has its own financial issues, and so we closely monitor what’s going with transit programs, planning both for how to use the federal aid we receive and for what to do if it doesn’t come through. Hey, it’s Uncle Sam. It comes with the territory.

A Penny Here and a Penny There, and Pretty Soon You’re Talking About Real Money

The sales tax is the tax most familiar to Texans. You pay a little tax on most of the things you buy and on many services. The little things add up. The sales tax is the most important tax for Texas state government, and it’s the most important source of Capital Metro’s funding.

The sales tax, in fact, is vitally important to Capital Metro. About 75% of our revenue comes from the tax, and that ties the authority’s fortunes directly to the economic performance of the Austin region.

Capital Metro receives about $145 million a year in sales tax. Other funding comes from federal grants, from fares and from miscellaneous sources like advertising. They’re all important, but the sales tax occupies center stage. Continue reading “A Penny Here and a Penny There, and Pretty Soon You’re Talking About Real Money”

The Long and Winding Road: the Capital Metro budget

Capital Metro’s budget process for 2012 is already underway, although it seems like 2011 has just begun. There’s a reason for that. Metro works on a fiscal year basis, and our “New Year” officially begins in October. There’s a lot of work to be done between now and then, and there’s a big part for you to play in the process.

Writing Capital Metro’s budget begins with each operating department making their requests to my department, Finance. That covers a lot of departments, ranging from Human Resources to the folks who operate our buses and trains. The Finance staff meets with each department to talk about their request and match it with our financial forecast for the year.

Right now, we are predicting a continued improvement in the sales tax, which accounts for 75% of our revenue. The rest of our funding comes mainly from federal grants and fares. We expect to have more revenue to work with in the coming year, but like a family, Capital Metro always has more needs than there are dollars.

In the coming months, we’ll be sorting out those needs. Metro staff led by President Linda Watson will be meeting internally for awhile working out the details, but this summer we’ll be asking the community for input. Look for a video as early as next week of Linda talking about Capital Metro’s budget. We are planning a budget “open house” that I promise will be more interesting than it sounds. We’ll also be holding an online community forum. We have other ideas for encouraging input that you’ll be hearing more about, too.

I can’t stress enough how important community input is to writing a sound budget. It’s going to be a challenge to meet our budget goals in coming years, which includes not only investment in our vehicles and facilities, but also in making sure Capital Metro remains on a sound financial footing. That means tough choices, and it’s important to us to understand what’s important to you. We can do all the planning in the world, but without public input, it could be off target.

In any case, once we have gone through our internal and public processes, Capital Metro’s board of directors will begin examining the budget in detail in August. This review process will go on for several weeks, and I can tell you based on last year, a lot of hard questions will be asked and changes made.

And then there’ll be another chance for the public to have a say. We plan a public hearing on the budget, based on the board’s input, for mid-September. Then the board will approve the budget based on public input and internal recommendations. The whole process will be done, we plan, by September 26, just ahead of our New Year’s day, October 1.

Then it is just a matter of keeping track of how the departments are doing against their budgets and starting to think about 2013—all before it’s even 2012 on the calendar.

Billy Hamilton is the interim chief financial officer for Capital Metro and a tax and fiscal policy consultant. In his 30+ years of professional experience, he’s worked on tax and fiscal policy issues from every angle. In 2006, Hamilton retired from Texas state government as chief deputy comptroller of public accounts of Texas. He writes a regular column on state tax issues for the national publication State Tax Notes, and he’ll be contributing a series of articles for Capital MetroBlog over the next several months about the development of Capital Metro’s FY12 budget.